VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Pressure and Boiling Point

The boiling point given in tables for a liquid is always referenced to an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi). If the pressure acting on a fluid changes, its boiling point also changes.
For example, water boils at a lower temperature the lower the pressure.
The vapor pressure curves for water and refrigerant R134a show that, at constant pressure, reducing the temperature changes vapor to liquid (in the condenser) or that reducing the pressure causes the refrigerant to change from liquid to vapor (evaporator).
   
Vapor pressure curve of water
A -  fluid
B -  Gaseous
C -  Vapor pressure curve of water
1 -  Pressure acting on liquid in bar (psi)
2 -  Temperature in °C (°F)
 

Pressure and Boiling Point

Vapor pressure curve of refrigerant R134a
A -  Fluid
B -  Gaseous
D -  Vapor pressure curve of refrigerant R134a
1 -  Pressure acting on liquid in bar (psi)
2 -  Temperature in °C (°F)
 

Pressure and Boiling Point

Physical Principles
The four known states of water also apply to air conditioning system refrigerants. 1 -  gaseous (invisible) 2&n ...

Refrigerant R134a Vapor Pressure Table
The vapor pressure table for every refrigerant is published in literature for refrigeration system engineers. This table makes it possible to determine the vapor pres ...

Other materials:

Run-Flat Tire (PAX), Lettering On Side Wall
In contrast to conventional tires, other designations are found on the tire flanks of PAX tires. In this way, these tires can be allocated clearly.     PAX Tires, Designations 245  ...

After changing a wheel
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Clean the tools as necessary and place them back in the toolbox in the luggage compartment . Stow the spare wheel, temporary spare wheel or the removed wheel safely in the luggage compartment. The tight ...

Locking and unlocking the vehicle from the inside
Fig. 25 In the driver door: central locking button First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Press the button : Unlocks the vehicle. Locks the vehicle. The central locking button functions with ...

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