VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Pressure and Boiling Point

The boiling point given in tables for a liquid is always referenced to an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi). If the pressure acting on a fluid changes, its boiling point also changes.
For example, water boils at a lower temperature the lower the pressure.
The vapor pressure curves for water and refrigerant R134a show that, at constant pressure, reducing the temperature changes vapor to liquid (in the condenser) or that reducing the pressure causes the refrigerant to change from liquid to vapor (evaporator).
Vapor pressure curve of water
A -  fluid
B -  Gaseous
C -  Vapor pressure curve of water
1 -  Pressure acting on liquid in bar (psi)
2 -  Temperature in °C (°F)

Pressure and Boiling Point

Vapor pressure curve of refrigerant R134a
A -  Fluid
B -  Gaseous
D -  Vapor pressure curve of refrigerant R134a
1 -  Pressure acting on liquid in bar (psi)
2 -  Temperature in °C (°F)

Pressure and Boiling Point

Physical Principles
The four known states of water also apply to air conditioning system refrigerants. 1 -  gaseous (invisible) 2&n ...

Refrigerant R134a Vapor Pressure Table
The vapor pressure table for every refrigerant is published in literature for refrigeration system engineers. This table makes it possible to determine the vapor pres ...

Other materials:

To ensure your own safety and that of your passengers, observe the following actions in the specified order : Stop the vehicle at a safe distance away from moving traffic and on a suitable surface . Switch on the hazard warning lights using the button . Apply the handbrake ...

Inspecting Tires
Because tire damage can have serious consequences, the technician and the driver should regularly check the tires, as it is the best form of early problem recognition. Pre-damaged tires cannot withstand driving situations like high vehic ...

Information stored in the control units
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warningsYour vehicle is factory fitted with electronic control units which are responsible for engine and gearbox management. The control units also monitor the function of the exhaust system and the airbags. These electronic con ...

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