VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Physical Principles

The four known states of water also apply to air conditioning system refrigerants.
1 -  gaseous (invisible)
2 -  vapor
3 -  fluid
4 -  solid
 

Physical Principles

When water is heated in a vessel (heat absorption), water vapor can be seen to rise. If the vapor is further heated through heat absorption, the visible vapor turns into invisible gas. The process is reversible. The warmth is extracted from gaseous water, vapor forms first, then water and then ice.
A -  Heat absorption
B -  Heat emission
 

Physical Principles

Heat Transfer

Every substance consists of a mass of moving molecules. The fast moving molecules of a warmer substance give off some of their energy to the cooler and thus slower molecules. As a result, the molecular motion of the warmer substance slows down and that of the colder substance is accelerated. This process continues until the molecules of both substances are moving at the same speed. They are then at the same temperature and no further heat exchange takes place.
   
A/C Technology Basic Principles
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Pressure and Boiling Point
The boiling point given in tables for a liquid is always referenced to an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi). If the pressure acting on a fluid changes, its boi ...

Other materials:

Using a child seat on the rear seats
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings When fitting a child seat to a rear seat, the position of the front seat must be adjusted to ensure that the child has sufficient space. Adjust the front seat according to the size of the child seat and child. Ensure that ...

Rear view
Fig. 3 Overview of the rear of the vehicle Key for : Roof aerial High-mounted brake light Rear window Rear window heating Window aerial Rear window wiper Volkswagen badge, used for opening the tailgate Tail light cluster Number plate lights ...

Oxygen Sensor Unit Protective Pipes
  Note In addition to using the part number, the protective pipe can also be used for identification. Version D1, 6 openings, 3.5 mm each     Only used with the 4-pin oxygen sen ...

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