VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Physical Principles

The four known states of water also apply to air conditioning system refrigerants.
1 -  gaseous (invisible)
2 -  vapor
3 -  fluid
4 -  solid

Physical Principles

When water is heated in a vessel (heat absorption), water vapor can be seen to rise. If the vapor is further heated through heat absorption, the visible vapor turns into invisible gas. The process is reversible. The warmth is extracted from gaseous water, vapor forms first, then water and then ice.
A -  Heat absorption
B -  Heat emission

Physical Principles

Heat Transfer

Every substance consists of a mass of moving molecules. The fast moving molecules of a warmer substance give off some of their energy to the cooler and thus slower molecules. As a result, the molecular motion of the warmer substance slows down and that of the colder substance is accelerated. This process continues until the molecules of both substances are moving at the same speed. They are then at the same temperature and no further heat exchange takes place.
A/C Technology Basic Principles

Pressure and Boiling Point
The boiling point given in tables for a liquid is always referenced to an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi). If the pressure acting on a fluid changes, its boi ...

Other materials:

Two-Part HS Hardener
Definition: Two-Part HS Hardener -LHA 009 041 A3- Two-Part HS Hardener, Short -LHA 021 004 A3- Two-Part HS Hardener, Extra Short -LHA 009 046 A2- Two-Part HS Hard ...

Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Filling
  Caution If it is suspected that chemicals were added to the refrigerant circuit to seal leaks, do not connect the A/C service station and do not extract the refrigerant. ...

Interior and reading lights
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Button or position Function Switches off the interior lights. Switches on the interior lights. Switches door contact switch on (central posit ...

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