VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Physical Principles

The four known states of water also apply to air conditioning system refrigerants.
1 -  gaseous (invisible)
2 -  vapor
3 -  fluid
4 -  solid
 

Physical Principles

When water is heated in a vessel (heat absorption), water vapor can be seen to rise. If the vapor is further heated through heat absorption, the visible vapor turns into invisible gas. The process is reversible. The warmth is extracted from gaseous water, vapor forms first, then water and then ice.
A -  Heat absorption
B -  Heat emission
 

Physical Principles

Heat Transfer

Every substance consists of a mass of moving molecules. The fast moving molecules of a warmer substance give off some of their energy to the cooler and thus slower molecules. As a result, the molecular motion of the warmer substance slows down and that of the colder substance is accelerated. This process continues until the molecules of both substances are moving at the same speed. They are then at the same temperature and no further heat exchange takes place.
   
A/C Technology Basic Principles
...

Pressure and Boiling Point
The boiling point given in tables for a liquid is always referenced to an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi). If the pressure acting on a fluid changes, its boi ...

Other materials:

Wiring Harness Repair Set - Wire Strippers -VAS1978/3
The Wiring Harness Repair Set - Wire Strippers -VAS1978/3- is used for professional stripping and cutting of wires. The Wiring Harness Repair Set - Wire Strippers -VAS1978/3- is a component of the Wiring Harness Repair Set -VAS1978B- and ...

Wheel cover
Fig. 163 Removing press-on wheel covers Fig. 164 Removing bolted-on wheel covers First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Removing and fitting press-on wheel covers Take the box spanner and wire hook from the toolkit . Insert the wire hook into o ...

Service position for the front windscreen wipers
Fig. 74 Wiper blades in service position First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings The windscreen wiper arms can be lifted off the windscreen when in the service position . Carry out the following steps to move the windscreen wipers to the service position: ...

© 2016-2020 Copyright www.vwpolo.net