VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

1 -  Tread Block
2 -  Tread Groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon Ply
5 -  Belt Layers
Consists mostly of steel
6 -  Bead Bundle
Consists of steel wires vulcanized into rubber
Make sure secure seating of the tire on the rim
7 -  Bead Filler
8 -  Wheel Flange Protection
Protects the rim and tire from abrasion due to, for example, contact with the curb.
Tires with flange protection are designated by the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belts -5-, bead cores -6- and bead reinforcements -7- make up the carcass. The carcass is the “load-bearing structure” of the tire.
Overview - Radial Ply Tire
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Run-Flat Tire, Structure and Identification, SST Tire
Run-Flat Tires, Dismounting and Mounting. Refer to → Chapter „Tires, Mounting“. A Tire Pressure Monitoring Display is Necessary When Us ...

Other materials:

Electronic immobilizer
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings The immobilizer helps to prevent the engine from being started and driven with an unauthorised vehicle key. There is a chip in the key. It automatically deactivates the immobilizer when the vehicle key is inserted into ...

Vibration, Vibration Control System
Expanded functions can be performed using Hunter RFT33VAG Road Force Touch™ Wheel Balancer -VAS6230B4- in addition to the previously known balancers. A special characteristic of this system is testing the radial force of wheel/tire dur ...

Refuelling autogas
Fig. 132 In the right-hand side of the vehicle at the rear: open tank flap with tank cap for gas filler neck ① and adapter ② First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Switch off the engine, ignition and mobile telephone before refuelling  . Please re ...

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