VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

1 -  Tread Block
2 -  Tread Groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon Ply
5 -  Belt Layers
Consists mostly of steel
6 -  Bead Bundle
Consists of steel wires vulcanized into rubber
Make sure secure seating of the tire on the rim
7 -  Bead Filler
8 -  Wheel Flange Protection
Protects the rim and tire from abrasion due to, for example, contact with the curb.
Tires with flange protection are designated by the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belts -5-, bead cores -6- and bead reinforcements -7- make up the carcass. The carcass is the “load-bearing structure” of the tire.
Overview - Radial Ply Tire
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Run-Flat Tire, Structure and Identification, SST Tire
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Other materials:

Refrigerant in A/C Service station Container, Filling
  Caution If it is suspected that chemicals were added to the refrigerant circuit to seal leaks, do not connect the A/C service station and do not extract the refrigerant. ...

Mounting Damage
Bundle broken during tire inflation.     Modern radial car tires are mounted only on safety rims. These have a hump -1- running along the shoulders. 1 -  Hump (H2) ...

Stone Chip Protection -AKR 311 KD1 05
Definition: Stone Chip Protection -AKR 311 KD1 05-, black Edition 04/2009 Product Description Stone Chip Protection -AKR 311 KD1 05- is a finely atomizing coating material wi ...

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