VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Critical Point

Vehicle air conditioning systems make use of the vaporization and condensation process. In this case, one works with a substance which boils easily, designated as refrigerant.
The refrigerant employed is tetrafluoroethane R134a, which boils at -26.5 °C (-15.7 °F) at a vapor pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi).
The critical point (critical temperature and critical pressure) is that above which there is no longer a boundary between liquid and gas.
A substance above its critical point is always in the gaseous state.
At temperatures below the critical point, all types of refrigerant in pressure vessels exhibit both a liquid and a gas phase, i.e. there is a layer of gas above the liquid.
As long as there is still gas present in the container next to the fluid, pressure is dependent on ambient temperature. Refer to → Chapter „Refrigerant R134a Vapor Pressure Table“.
  Note
Different types of refrigerant are never to be mixed. Only the refrigerant designated for the corresponding A/C system may be used.
   
Refrigerant R134a Physical Data
Vehicle air conditioning systems make use of the vaporization and condensation process. In this case, one works with a substance which boils easily, designated as ref ...

Refrigerant R134a Environmental Information
Vehicle air conditioning systems make use of the vaporization and condensation process. In this case, one works with a substance which boils easily, designated as ref ...

Other materials:

Trailer Socket
Connect the trailer socket to the vehicle electrical system of the vehicle pulling the trailer according to the manufacturer instructions. Refer to the applicable wiring diagrams or manufacturer installation instructions when installing ...

Flushing Circuit Block Diagrams
  Note The arrows in the following illustrations show the direction of refrigerant flow while flushing. During flushing, refrigerant flows in the opposite direction than during A/C system operation, therefore the high pressure side of A/C se ...

Improvised Tools
  Note This list outlines the testers, tools and materials required for expert refrigerant circuit repair work.   Caution Non-approved tools or materials such as leak sealing additiv ...

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