VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

1 -  Tread Block
2 -  Tread Groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon Ply
5 -  Belt Layers
Consists mostly of steel
6 -  Bead Bundle
Consists of steel wires vulcanized into rubber
Make sure secure seating of the tire on the rim
7 -  Bead Filler
8 -  Wheel Flange Protection
Protects the rim and tire from abrasion due to, for example, contact with the curb.
Tires with flange protection are designated by the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belts -5-, bead cores -6- and bead reinforcements -7- make up the carcass. The carcass is the “load-bearing structure” of the tire.
Overview - Radial Ply Tire
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Run-Flat Tire, Structure and Identification, SST Tire
Run-Flat Tires, Dismounting and Mounting. Refer to → Chapter „Tires, Mounting“. A Tire Pressure Monitoring Display is Necessary When Us ...

Other materials:

General information on transporting children in the vehicle
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Legislation and legal requirements take precedence over the descriptions in this owner's manual. Various standards and regulations govern the use of child seats and methods for securing them (). For example, this could me ...

Winter tires
M+S-Symbol On “M-and-S-tires”, the tread pattern, tread compound or type are designed such that the handling characteristics in snow are improved compared to a normal tire. This is especially true when initiating or maintaining vehic ...

Maximum permitted trailer weights
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