VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Service & Repair Manual: Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

1 -  Tread Block
2 -  Tread Groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon Ply
5 -  Belt Layers
Consists mostly of steel
6 -  Bead Bundle
Consists of steel wires vulcanized into rubber
Make sure secure seating of the tire on the rim
7 -  Bead Filler
8 -  Wheel Flange Protection
Protects the rim and tire from abrasion due to, for example, contact with the curb.
Tires with flange protection are designated by the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belts -5-, bead cores -6- and bead reinforcements -7- make up the carcass. The carcass is the “load-bearing structure” of the tire.
Overview - Radial Ply Tire
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Run-Flat Tire, Structure and Identification, SST Tire
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Other materials:

Tires with Rim Protector
The tire industry produces tires with rim protector for light alloy wheels (rim protector). The rim protector prevents damage to the light alloy wheels caused by contact with curbs. Using tires with rim protector on steel wheels with wheel ...

Tire Sealant, Expiration Date
Tire sealant in the bottle has a limited storage life.     Therefore, the expiration date is indicated on the bottle -arrow-. Replace tire sealant when minimum shelf life date has been ...

Wheel bolts
Fig. 166 Changing a wheel: loosening the wheel bolts Fig. 167 Changing a wheel: anti-theft bolt and adapter First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Only the spanner delivered with the vehicle should be used to loosen the wheel bolts. Only loosen the whee ...

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