VW Polo manuals

Volkswagen Polo Owners Manual: Frontal collisions and the laws of physics

Volkswagen Polo Owners Manual / Sitting correctly and safely / Seat belts / Frontal collisions and the laws of physics

Fig. 45 Unbelted occupants in a vehicle heading for a brick wall

Fig. 46 Unbelted occupants in a vehicle striking a brick wall

First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings

The physical principles involved in a frontal collision are relatively simple. As soon as the vehicle is in motion , both the moving vehicle and its passengers gain kinetic energy.

The higher the vehicle speed and the heavier the weight of the vehicle, the greater the amount of energy that will have to be released in the event of an accident.

However, the most significant factor is the speed of the vehicle. If the speed doubles from approximately 25 km/h (15 mph) to approximately 50 km/h (31 mph), for example, the kinetic energy increases by a factor of four.

The amount of kinetic energy depends on the speed of the vehicle and the weight of the vehicle and passengers. The higher the speed and the heavier the weight, the greater the amount of energy that will be released in the event of an accident.

Passengers not wearing seat belts are not connected to the vehicle. In the event of a frontal collision they will continue to move forwards at the same speed at which the vehicle was travelling before impact, until something stops them. Because the passengers in our example are not restrained by seat belts, the entire amount of kinetic energy will only be released at the point of impact against the wall .

Even at speeds of approximately 30 km/h (19 mph) to approximately 50 km/h (31 mph), the forces acting on bodies in a collision can easily exceed one tonne (1,000 kg). These forces are even greater at higher speeds.

This example applies not only to frontal collisions, but to all accidents and collisions.

Warning lamp
Fig. 44 Warning lamp in the instrument cluster First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Lights up or flashes Possible cause Solution ...

What happens to vehicle occupants who have not fastened their seat belts
Fig. 47 An unbelted driver is thrown forwards Fig. 48 The unbelted rear passenger is thrown forwards, hitting the belted driver First read and observe the introductory information and safety ...

Other materials:

Reinforced Shock Absorbers and Coil Springs
Reinforced shock absorbers and coil springs on the vehicle rear axle reduce pitching motions between the vehicle and the trailer. If not already installed in the factory, these shock absorbers and springs can often be retrofitted at authorized Volk ...

Changing bulbs in the side turn signals
Fig. 188 Removing the side turn signal bulb Fig. 189 Side turn signal: changing the bulb First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Depending on the vehicle, the side turn signal may be located in the front wing or in the exterior mirror . Please contact a ...

Information stored in the control units
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warningsYour vehicle is factory fitted with electronic control units which are responsible for engine and gearbox management. The control units also monitor the function of the exhaust system and the airbags. These electronic con ...

© 2016-2020 Copyright www.vwpolo.net